Analysis of Global and Regional Climate Change Models, Identification of Hazards and Its Socioeconomic Implications For The City of Jijiga, Ethiopia
Program Locations: Jijiga, Ethiopia
Project Duration: August 2012–September 2012
Project Lead: Sarah Opitz-Stapleton, Senior Associate Scientist
Provide vulnerability and climate change risk information about Jijiga to Mercy Corps to support their work in developing an urban climate resilience program with local government and related institutions. Mercy Corps aims to highlight their work in Jijiga to donor organizations with the goal of expanding their program of developing urban climate action plans in other vulnerable cities in Ethiopia.
The city of Jijiga, Ethiopia is one of the fastest growing cities in the Somali region and currently faces a number of critical development and ecosystem management challenges that impact the lives and livelihoods of its citizens. Changes in precipitation, temperature, and other climate conditions as a result of climate change have the potential to severely and negatively affect specific populations and the ecosystems they rely on unless different development pathways are chosen that build Ethiopia’s resilience to a variety of future challenges, not just climate change. Mercy Corps is engaging with Jijiga's municipal government around urban climate resilience, and expanding the experiences and learning of the ACCCRN program. Jijiga’s ability to adapt to forthcoming climate impacts will depend, to a great extent, on the understanding of current climate patterns and future projections. Such awareness will hopefully contribute toward the creation of an informed adaptation plan where institutions, systems, and people will understand their vulnerabilities and take action towards building resilience to future climate shocks, including the ability to receive a large number of climate migrants in upcoming years.
Core Program Activities
Evaluation of historic precipitation and temperature trends.
Pattern scaling of precipitation and temperature projections from multiple climate models, SRES emission scenarios A2 and B1, for the mid-future (2046–2065).
Created a snapshot of Jijiga’s current vulnerability profile.
Estimated potential climate change risks to development and health, based upon scaled projections, current vulnerability, and scenarios of economic development.
Assisted in understanding and analyzing the degree to which the city is prepared to receive expected climate change impacts.
Downscaled climate projections from a number of climate models to produce a range of possible future changes in temperature and precipitation, and analyzed scenarios of how these changes might impact access to water, health implications, and weather-related hazards.
Mercy Corps was one of the key partners in the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN), assisting cities in Indonesia in developing climate resilience strategies. Mercy Corps is also an active partner in many countries in Africa, including Ethiopia. Within Ethiopia, Mercy Corps’ focus is upon addressing complex natural resource and climate adaptation issues and building resiliency in Ethiopian communities.