The Uncomfortable Nexus: Water, Urbanization and Climate Change in Jaipur, India

Authors: M.S. Rathore; Ladulal Sharma; N.P. Singh; Sarah Optiz-Stapleton; Shashikant Chopde; Dilip Singh; Lea Sabbag; Marcus Moench

Jaipur City in Rajasthan, India represents a microcosm of the dilemma faced by many urban areas. Rural to urban migration rates are high and the city is growing rapidly, with settlement occurring both in the urban center and the surrounding peri-urban areas. Water supplies are limited and often of low quality, and depleted aquifers and over-pumping are further compounded by pollution and degradation of recharge areas. These impacts are of particular concern in the rapidly expanding peri-urban area surrounding Jaipur, where changes in land use are eliminating groundwater recharge zones and sewage, and where commercial effluents are discharged and untreated.

Implemented by ISET-International and CEDSJ, and supported by NOAA, this report explores the dynamic interaction between climate change, water resources and the larger processes of socio-economic transition as represented by migration to and within Jaipur city. The case study of Jaipur City covered in this report should be read both as an analysis of the dynamic changes occurring in one specific location, and at the same time, as shedding light on issues that already are or will be faced by many cities globally.


Rathore, M. S., Sharma, L., Singh, N. P., Opitz-Stapleton, S., Chopde, S., Singh, D., Sabbag, L., & Moench, M. (2011). The uncomfortable nexus: Water, urbanization and climate change in Jaipur, India. Boulder, CO and Jaipur, India: Institute for Social and Environmental Transition-International, & Centre for Environmental and Development Studies.

Funded By:

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA)


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