Tracking Adaptation and Measuring Development in Pakistan
Authors: Fawad Khan, Atta ur Rehman
TAMD is a twin-track framework that evaluates adaptation effectiveness. The TAMD feasibility study in Pakistan focused on developing an M&E approach to track the resilience and development outcomes of two interventions—the Promotion of Rainwater Harvesting Project (PRWH) and the Pakistan Domestic Biogas Project. Theories of change were developed to determine the ways in which the projects would be expected to deliver long-term climate resilience. Indicators were then developed to evaluate the theories of change and data was collected through household surveys to determine whether the interventions led to improved household resilience. Testing of the Track 2 indicators gave very good results—showing that both projects led to improved socio-economic outcomes. The indicators therefore show strong potential to be used in future national and provincial M&E systems to measure improvements in climate change resilience.
Khan, F., Rehman, A. U. (2014). Tracking Adaptation and Measuring Development in Pakistan. Research Report. London: International Institute for Environment and Development. 4
International Institute for Envirionment and Development (IIED)