Sheltering Series #2: Qualitative Insights into the Costs and Benefits of Housing

Authors:  Phong Tran; Tran Huu Tuan; Kate Hawley 

The most dangerous climate hazard in Da Nang is typhoons, and the sector they most impact is housing, making housing one of the most vulnerable sectors to climate extremes. Housing damage is not only caused by climate hazards, but also by inappropriate housing solutions and poor construction techniques. While the adverse impacts of past typhoons are already seen in the current housing sector and in local livelihoods, they will only worsen as climate change intensifies storm events. As a result, there is a need to investigate the costs and benefits of alternative housing designs that enhance resilience to typhoons and assist agencies and the private sector in understanding the returns on investments and reducing future risks. The results of this paper show three options that local households and governments in the study area undertook to reduce typhoon risks: 1) rebuilding homes; 2) repairing homes; and 3) building public shelters. Results from preference ranking options show that rebuilding homes (Option 1) is the most preferred option, while building public shelters (Option 3) is the least preferred.  


Phong Tran, Tran Huu Tuan, & Hawley, K. (2013). Qualitative Insights into the Costs and Benefits of Housing (The Sheltering Series No. 2). Boulder, CO. Institute for Social and Environmental Transition-International.  

Funded by:

The Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Disclaimer: This document is an output from a project funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and the Netherlands Directorate-General for International Cooperation (DGIS) for the benefit of developing countries. However, the views expressed and information contained in it are not necessarily those of or endorsed by DFID, DGIS or the entities managing the delivery of the Climate and Development Knowledge Network, which can accept no responsibility or liability for such views, completeness or accuracy of the information or for any reliance placed on them.

The Sheltering Series describes the background, policy landscape, methodology and approach used by the Sheltering From a Gathering Storm team and highlights key issues that were discovered and explored during the project in India, Pakistan, and Vietnam. Sheltering From a Gathering Storm aims to improve the understanding of the costs and benefits of climate-resilient shelter design, and contribute towards the transformative change necessary to make communities more resilient to future disasters. For more information about the project and other available materials, please see: 

Disclaimer: The Sheltering Series contains preliminary research and findings. These products are disseminated to catalyze discourse on timely issues. Most discussion papers undergo revisions, and some will be published formally in a different format. 


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