Climate Resilience Working Paper #2- Developing Indicators of Urban Climate Resilience

Authors: Stephen Tyler; Erwin Nugraha; Ha Kim Nguyen; Nhung Van Nguyen; Aniessa Delima Sari; Pakamas Thinpanga; Thao Thanh Tran; Sheo Shanker Verma; Darren Swanson; Livia Bizikova

As urban populations grow and climate exposure increases, more cities are introducing formal planning processes to adapt to climate change. The adoption of a conceptual framework for climate resilience offers the prospect of measuring changes in resilience through the development of indicators at the local level. This paper reviews different methodologies for indicator development and explains in detail the process applied to 8 cities in the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) for developing resilience indicators to be used for local planning and monitoring changes in climate resilience. The ACCCRN process relied on transferring a common conceptual framework for climate resilience, together with a locally led participatory, iterative, and collaborative process that engaged local, technical, and planning authorities and vulnerable groups. The process varied between different cities and generated a wide diversity of resilience indicators that were chosen for their contextual fit and availability of data. The main benefit of developing resilience indicators in this way is the capacity that the process has built, in terms of understanding resilience, shared learning and establishment of a common platform for future planning and monitoring of climate adaptation interventions at the city level.


Tyler, S., Nugraha, E., Nguyen, H. K., Nguyen, N. V., Sari, A. D., Thinpanga, P., Tran, T. T., Verma, S. S., Swanson, D., & Bizikova, L. (2014). Developing indicators of urban climate resilience (Climate Resilience Working Paper No. 2). Boulder, CO: Institute for Social and Environmental Transition-International.

Funded By:

The Rockefeller Foundation

Also see: Climate Resilience Working Paper #1: Integrating Climate Resilience Strategy into City Planning in Semarang, Indonesia


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